Henry Buhl Library

Common abbreviations for books of the Bible1:

MLA Style


Old Testament (OT) 

Abbreviation: Book:
Gen.    Genesis
Exod.   Exodus
Lev. Leviticus
Num.  Numbers
Deut. Deuteronomy
Josh.  Joshua
Judg. Judges
Ruth  Ruth
1 Sam. 1 Samuel
2 Sam.  2 Samuel
1 Kings 1 Kings
2 Kings 2 Kings
1 Chron. 1 Chronicles
2 Chron.   2 Chronicles
Ezra Ezra
Neh. Nehemiah
Esth. Esther
Job Job
Ps. Psalms
Prov.  Proverbs
Eccles.  Ecclesiastes
Song of Sol. (also Cant.) Song of Solomon (also Canticles)
Isa.  Isaiah
Jer. Jeremiah
Lam. Lamentations
Ezek. Ezekiel
Dan.    Daniel
Hos. Hosea
Joel   Joel
Amos Amos
Obad. Obadiah
Jon. Jonah
Mic. Micah
Nah. Nahum
Hab. Habakkuk
Zeph. Zephaniah
Hag. Haggai
Zech. Zechariah
Mal. Malachi

Selected Apocryphal and Deuterocanonical Works 

Abbreviation: Book:
1 Esd. 1 Esdras
2 Esd. 2 Esdras
Tob. Tobit
Jth. Judith
Esth. (Apocr.) Esther (Apocrypha)
Wisd. of Sol. (Also Wisd.) Wisdom of Solomon (also Wisdom)
Ecclus. (also Sir.) Ecclesiasticus (also Sirach)
Bar. Baruch
Sg. of 3 Childr. Song of the Three Children
Sus. Susanna
Bel and Dr. Bel and the Dragon
Pr. of Man. Prayer of the Manasseh
1 Macc. 1 Maccabees
2 Macc. 2 Maccabees

New Testament (NT)

Abbreviation: Book:
Matt. Matthew
Mark Mark
Luke Luke
John John
Acts Acts
Rom. Romans
1 Cor. 1 Corinthians
2 Cor. 2 Corinthians
Gal. Galatians
Eph. Ephesians
Phil. Philippians
Col. Colossians
1 Thess. 1 Thessalonians
2 Thess. 2 Thessalonians
1 Tim. 1 Timothy
2 Tim. 2 Timothy
Tit. Titus
Philem. Philemon
Heb. Hebrews
Jas. James
1 Pet. 1 Peter
2 Pet. 2 Peter
1 John 1 John
2 John 2 John
3 John 3John
Jude Jude
Rev. (also Apoc.) Revelation (also Apocalypse)

Selected Apocryphal Works 

Abbreviation: Book:
G. Thom. Gospel of Thomas
G. Heb. Gospel of the Hebrews
G. Pet. Gospel of Peter

 1Information taken from MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed., 2009, section 7.7.1.


Updated:  11/22/2011
İHenry Buhl Library
Grove City College 2010
Grove City College