Henry Buhl Library

Reference Works -- Print & Online

Need Help Deciphering Citations? Click here.

 

See Below for Examples of How to Cite:

Dictionary (Print) Encyclopedia (Print) Concordance (Print)
Dictionary (Database) Encyclopedia (Database) ********************
Dictionary (Web) Encyclopedia (Web) Concordance (Web)

 

Note: According to the APA, MLA, Turabian, and Chicago style guides, dictionaries, encyclopedias, and concordances are all treated as reference works.

So, if you are trying to cite a dictionary from the web, for example, but the sample entries provided do not answer your question(s) completely,
look at the examples for web encyclopedias and concordances for additional guidance.



Remember
, the elements for each example are listed in the order prescribed by the individual style guides.
If the dictionary, encyclopedia, or concordance you are citing does not have one of the elements shown below, skip that component and move on to the next part of the citation.

 


Dictionary (Print)
(Unsigned entry)

Click here for help deciphering the elements of this citation.

APA
Beck. J. (2011). Shepherd. In Zondervan dictionary of biblical imagery (pp. 235-237). Grand
     Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

MLA
Beck, Jack. "Shepherd." Zondervan Dictionary of Biblical Imagery. Grand Rapids:
     Zondervan, 2011. Print.

Turabian
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Beck, Jack. Zondervan Dictionary of Biblical Imagery. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2011.


[Entry title only listed in Note]

Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Beck, Jack. 2011. Zondervan dictionary of biblical imagery. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.

[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]

Chicago
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Beck, Jack. Zondervan's Dictionary of Biblical Imagery. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2011.

[Entry title only listed in Note]

Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Beck, Jack. 2011. Zondervan's Dictionary of Biblical Imagery. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.

[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]

 
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Encyclopedia (Print)
(Signed entry)

APA
Stewart, D. G. (2009). Mary, mother of Jesus. In M. Silva (Ed.), The Zondervan
     encyclopedia of the Bible
(Revised, full-color ed., pp. 116-122). Grand Rapids, MI:
     Zondervan.

MLA
Stewart, D. G. "Mary, Mother of Jesus." Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible. Ed. Moisés
     Silva. Rev., full-color ed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009. Print.

Turabian
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Silva, Moisés, ed. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible. Rev. ed. Grand Rapids:
     Zondervan, 2009.


[Entry title only listed in Note]

Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Silva, Moisés, ed. 2009. Zondervan encyclopedia of the Bible. Rev. ed. Grand Rapids:
     Zondervan.


[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]
Chicago
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Stewart, D. G. "Mary, Mother of Jesus." In Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, edited
     by Moisés Silva, 116-22. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009.

Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Stewart, D. G. 2009. "Mary, Mother of Jesus." In Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible,
     edited by Moisés Silva, 116-22. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.

 
 
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Concordance (Print)
(Unsigned entry)

APA
Goodrick, E. W., & Kohlberger, J. R., III. (2004). Mount. In The strongest NIV exhaustive
     concordance
 (pp. 768-769). Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.
MLA
Goodrick, Edward W., and John R. Kohlberger III.  “Mount.” The Strongest NIV Exhaustive
     Concordance
. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004. Print.
Turabian
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Goodrick, Edward W., and John R. Kohlberger III. The Strongest NIV Exhaustive
     Concordance
. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004.

[Entry title only listed in Note]


Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Goodrick, Edward W., and John R. Kohlberger III. 2004. The strongest NIV exhaustive
     concordance
. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.

[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]

Chicago
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Goodrick, Edward W., and John R. Kohlberger III. The Strongest NIV Exhaustive
     Concordance
. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004.


[Entry title only listed in Note]


Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Goodrick, Edward W., and John R. Kohlberger III. 2004. The Strongest NIV Exhaustive
     Concordance
. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.


[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]
 
 
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Dictionary (Database)
(A dictionary found in Oxford Reference Online; unsigned entry)

APA
Grace. (2005). In F. L. Cross & E. A. Livingstone (Eds.), The Oxford dictionary of the
     Christian Church
(3rd ed., revised). Retrieved from http://www.oxfordreference.com/ 
      views/BOOK_SEARCH.html?book=t257


MLA
"Grace." The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Eds. F. L. Cross and E. A.
     Livingstone. 3rd ed., revised. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. Web.
     7 Apr 2011.

Turabian
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Cross, F. L. and E. A. Livingstone, eds. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church.
     3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. http://www.oxfordreference.com/   
     views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t257.e2966 (accessed April 7, 2011).


[Entry title only listed in Note]

Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Cross, F. L. and E. A. Livingstone, eds. 2005. The Oxford dictionary of the Christian
     Church
. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://www.oxfordreference.com/   
     views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t257.e2966 (accessed April 7, 2011).


[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]
Chicago
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Cross, F. L. and E. A. Livingstone, eds. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church.
     3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. http://www.oxfordreference.com/   
     views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t257.e2966.


[Entry title only listed in Note]


Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Cross, F. L. and E. A. Livingstone, eds. 2005. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian
     Church
. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://www.oxfordreference.com/   
     views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t257.e2966.


[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]

 
 
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Encyclopedia
(Database)
(An entry from the New Catholic Encyclopedia; signed entry)

APA
North, R. (2003). Sabbath. In New Catholic encyclopedia (2nd ed.). Retrieved from
     http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?&id=GALE7CCX3407709778&v=2.1&u=grov  
     34532&it=r&p=GVRL.newcatholic&sw=w


MLA
North, R. "Sabbath." New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. New
     Catholic Encyclopedia
. Web. 7 Apr. 2011.
Turabian
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. http://go.galegroup.com/ps/
     i.do?&id=GALE%7CCX3407709778&v=2.1&u=grov34532&it=r&p=GVRL.
     newcatholic&sw=w
(accessed April 7, 2011).


[Entry title only listed in Note]

Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
New Catholic encyclopedia. 2003. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale. http://go.galegroup.com/ps/
     i.do?&id=GALE%7CCX3407709778&v=2.1&u=grov34532&it=r&p=GVRL.
     newcatholic&sw=w
(accessed April 7, 2011).

[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]

Chicago
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
North, R. "Sabbath." In New Catholic Encyclopedia. Gale, 2003. http://go.galegroup.com/ 
     ps/i.do?&id=GALE%7CCX3407709778&v=2.1&u=grov34532&it=r&p=GVRL.
     newcatholic&sw=w


Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
North, R. 2003. "Sabbath." In New Catholic Encyclopedia. Gale. http://go.galegroup.com/ 
     ps/i.do?&id=GALE%7CCX3407709778&v=2.1&u=grov34532&it=r&p=GVRL.
     newcatholic&sw=w

 
 
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Dictionary (Web)
(From Bible Study Tools Online website; signed entry)

Click here for help deciphering the elements of this citation.

APA
Schafer, G. E. (1996). Peace. In W. A. Elwell (Ed.), Baker’s evangelical dictionary of
     biblical theology.
Retrieved from http://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionaries/bakers-
     evangelical-dictionary/
MLA
Schaefer, Glenn. E. “Peace.” Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology. Ed.
     Walter A. Elwell. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1996. Bible Study Tools Online. Web.
     22 Mar. 2011.
Turabian
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Elwell, Walter A., ed. Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology. Grand Rapids:
     Baker Books, 1996. http://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionaries/bakers-evangelical-
     dictionary/ (accessed March 22, 2011).

[Entry title only listed in Note]


Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Elwell, Walter A., ed. 1996. Baker’s evangelical dictionary of biblical theology. Grand
     Rapids: Baker Books. http://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionaries/bakers-evangelical-
     dictionary/ (accessed March 22, 2011).

[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]

Chicago
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Schaefer, Glenn E. "Peace." In Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology,
     edited by Walter A. Elwell.
Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1996.
     http://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionaries/bakers-evangelical-dictionary/

Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Schaefer, Glenn E. 1996. "Peace." In Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology,
     edited by Walter A. Elwell.
Grand Rapids: Baker Books.
     http://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionaries/bakers-evangelical-dictionary/.
 
 
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Encyclopedia (Web)
(Signed entry; No city of publication or publisher information available)


APA
Robinson, G. L. (1915). Samson.  In International standard Bible encyclopedia. Retrieved
     from http://www.biblestudytools.com/encyclopedias/isbe/
MLA
Robinson, George L. “Samson.” International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Ed. James Orr.
     N.p., 1915. Bible Study Tools Online. Web. 22 Mar. 2011.
Turabian
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Orr, James, ed. International Standard Bible Dictionary. 1915. 
     http://www.biblestudytools.com/encyclopedias/isbe/ (accessed March 22, 2011).

[Entry title only listed in Note]


Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Orr, James, ed. 1915. International standard Bible encyclopedia.
     http://www.biblestudytools.com/encyclopedias/isbe/ (accessed March 22, 2011).

[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]

Chicago
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Robinson, George L. "Samson." In International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, edited by
     James Orr
. N.p., 1915. http://www.biblestudytools.com/encyclopedias/isbe/.


Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Robinson, George L. 1915. "Samson." In International Standard Bible Encyclopedia,
     edited by James Orr.
N.p. http://www.biblestudytools.com/encyclopedias/isbe/.

 
 
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Concordance (Web)
(No author or editor)


APA
Faith. (1995). In Strong’s exhaustive concordance: New American standard Bible.
     (Updated ed.). Retrieved from http://www.biblestudytools.com/concordances/strongs-
     exhaustive-concordance/
MLA


“Faith.” Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance: New American Standard Bible. Updated ed. La
     Habra: Lockman Foundation, 1995. Bible Study Tools Online. Web. 21 Mar. 2011.

Turabian
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance: New American Standard Bible. Updated ed. La Habra:
     Lockman Foundation, 1995. http://www.biblestudytools.com/concordances/strongs-
     exhaustive-concordance/ (accessed March 22, 2011).


[Entry title only listed in Note]


Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Strong’s exhaustive concordance: New American standard Bible. 1995. Updated ed. La
     Habra: Lockman Foundation. http://www.biblestudytools.com/concordances/strongs-
     exhaustive-concordance/ (accessed March 22, 2011).

[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]
Chicago
Bibliography Style (accompanies notes):
Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance: New American Standard Bible. Updated ed. La Habra:
     Lockman Foundation, 1995. http://www.biblestudytools.com/concordances/strongs-
     exhaustive-concordance/.

[Entry title only listed in Note]


Reference List Style (accompanies parenthetical references):
Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance: New American Standard Bible. 1995. Updated ed. La
     Habra: Lockman Foundation. http://www.biblestudytools.com/concordances/strongs-
     exhaustive-concordance/.

[Entry title only listed in Parenthetical Reference]

 
 
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Updated:  05/12/11
©Henry Buhl Library
Grove City College 2011